When Sleep Meets Science
Sleep Well For Good.
Sleep Disorder - About 27% of the world's population suffers from sleep problems
More than 70 million people suffer from sleep disorders, of which 35 million suffer from insomnia symptoms and 22 million suffer from sleep apnea.
1 out of 10 Australians has a sleep disorder severe enough to affect their health, safety and productivity.
Sleep deprivation ranks first in the world, with 20% of adults suffering from chronic sleep deprivation and 15% feeling excessively sleepy during the day.
In 2020, 1 out of 4 Taiwanese over the age of 15 suffered from mild sleep disorders; about 10% have moderate sleep disorders, and about 5% have severe sleep disorders.
About 10-15% of the population suffers from insomnia. Only a quarter (27%) of people in Singapore have an ideal sleep cycle (7 hours or more).
Of the 26 OECD countries surveyed, South Koreans sleep the least, sleeping 7 hours and 41 minutes a night, 41 minutes shorter than the average.
What are Sleep Disorders?
Sleep disorders are problems that people experience during sleep that can negatively impact physical and mental health. Sleep disturbances can manifest as symptoms such as difficulty falling asleep, nighttime awakenings, poor sleep, interrupted sleep, and sleep-disordered breathing. They can also include symptoms such as pain during sleep, excessive fatigue, and daytime sleepiness. There are many reasons for sleep disorders, which may be related to various factors such as psychology, physiology, and environment.
However, sleep disorders are more clearly defined in medicine. According to the American Psychiatric Association DSM-IV, the definition of a sleep disorder includes two key points:
- The occurrence time is continuous and lasts for more than 1 month.
- Cause subjective fatigue, anxiety or objective decrease in work efficiency.
According to the International Classification of Sleep Disorders, there are more than 80 types of sleep disorders. The most common types of sleep disorders are listed below:
- Sleep apnea
- Restless legs at night
- Circadian Rhythm Sleep Disorders
The two most common sleep disorders
Insomnia mostly refers to the subjective feeling that the individual does not have enough sleep or deep sleep; objectively refers to the fact that the sleep disorder has been at least one month long and has affected the daytime life function. Although one or two days of insomnia will not have a great impact on life, if you suffer from long-term insomnia, you will experience distraction, fatigue, poor memory, weakness, etc., and even affect your daily life and interpersonal relationships. Further processing is required.
Sleep apnea is the repeated collapse of the upper airway (including nasopharynx, oropharynx, and larynx) during sleep, which blocks the airway and causes shallow and laborious breathing. In severe cases, the airway is completely blocked and Causes air inhalation and suffocation. In most people, the airway is narrowed due to obesity, or the muscles that maintain the airway are easily collapsed due to insufficient muscle tension to maintain the airway. It is also caused by congenitally small or retracted chin, excessively large tonsils or overhanging or congenital craniofacial defects, resulting in narrow airway.